HAH! EVERYTHING! We have barely touched the surface; yet, we’ve delved deeper than a majority of language classes seem to go. But really, linguistics is an EXTREMELY vast field, and every aspect- even those we have not yet mentioned, give deeper and deeper insight into not only the makeup of the language, but also the communication of its people. It is so important to realize that when learning a language; there are people who speak these languages exclusively and there are hundreds of thousands of nuances and subtleties that a language learner may never learn unless is immersed in a group of native speakers- and that’s pretty amazing.
Linguistics goes deeper into…
- Semantics- the study of meaning
- Pragmatics-study of meaning in context (rules of conversation)
- Historical linguistics- pretter self-explanatory, right?
- Sociolinguistics- the social connotations and patterns of dialects and languages
…etc (really, there are MANY…)
Really, all the intricacies that connect a spoken word to the meaning it represents in the mind and how it is broken down on lexical and semantic levels.
I found that in my class, there was some breakdown of linguistic analysis, but not on a level that really helped students being exposed to the language for the first time. For instance, there were times we spoke of noun classes and the concords, but not why these things are notable/ where they come from. Being more transparent about breaking down every aspect of language would truly give students the chance to not only learn fundamentals, but to apply them over and over again in their language learning journeys. This is why I propose educational curriculums should strive to include basic linguistic education and individual language breakdowns in their lesson plans. For most studied languages, there has already been linguistic research done in the field to provide a solid basis of reference.
The tools are out there, let’s use them!
Below, please find a pamphlet designed to give a brief linguistic analysis of the Sesotho language based on what we have touched upon. Enjoy.